Bore water is water that is collected from underground water through the use of a pipe or hole. This water comes from rain that has collected in rock and soil, as well as water from rivers, dams and creeks. The water is then pumped from the bore to storage tanks or a water system. Bore water can be used to increase the water supply to help meet the needs of private residents.

What the water can be used for depends on the area. It may include irrigation, watering stock, flushing toilets, washing cars or clothes, showering, drinking and food preparation. Bore water can become contaminated due to changes in nature or human activity. The water should be tested by a qualified laboratory.

Installing a bore

Bores can be installed to provide water to your property. However, before they are fitted, you should receive permission from the local government. Depending on the area that you live in, you may need to obtain a licence to install a bore on your property.

Treating water

Bore water doesn't always require treatment. This will depend on the laboratory results and the use of the water. If the water is to be used for drinking, bathing, food preparation, cooking, watering edible plants or to fill swimming or paddling pools, it should be tested regularly and treated. Bore water can be treated through the use of chemicals.

Drinking water

Bore water can be used for drinking water if a device which prevents backflow of the bore water into the drinking water supply is fitted. Additionally, connecting the bore to the drinking water supply must be carried out by a licensed plumber. All work carried out on a bore must meet the relevant standards.

Preventing problems

There are a number of problems that can occur with bores. Risks can be reduced through the bore being well constructed and maintained. This includes maintaining septic tanks and not releasing septic waste close to the bore and not using an extreme amount of chemicals near the bore. Additionally, a fence should be installed to prevent livestock from coming into contact with the bore. The bore should also be sealed to prevent any rainwater from contaminating the water in the bore. When the water is pumped from the bore to the surface, the water should be protected through the use of enclosed storage tanks and water systems which are regularly maintained.